This book analyses the dichotomy between the goal of social inclusion and the effect of social exclusion through over-indebtedness since 2008 in Europe. Filling a vital gap in the current literature on the effects of the financial and economic crisis, this volume puts into context academic discussion with the real-life dimension of over-indebtedness. Reports from six European countries provide socio-economic and legal information on over-indebtedness as well as the regulatory and judicial responses to the problems entailed by over-indebtedness. They form the empirical background for five analyses of different aspects of the inclusion-exclusion dichotomy. It becomes clear that in the context of credit expansion, individual over-indebtedness has turned into a social issue, which the current design of the consumer credit and mortgage system in Europe has helped to produce while disregarding the consequential danger of social exclusion.
This volume is an offspring of the special semester "Ergodic Theory, Geometric Rigidity and Number Theory" held at the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences in Cambridge, UK, from January until July, 2000. Some of the major recent developments in rigidity theory, geometric group theory, flows on homogeneous spaces and Teichmüller spaces, quasi-conformal geometry, negatively curved groups and spaces, Diophantine approximation, and bounded cohomology are presented here. The authors have given special consideration to making the papers accessible to graduate students, with most of the contributions starting at an introductory level and building up to presenting topics at the forefront in this active field of research. The volume contains surveys and original unpublished results as well, and is an invaluable source also for the experienced researcher.
This book examines the structuring of space in Romanian and Hungarian cinema, and particularly how space is used to express the deep imprint of a socialist past on a post-socialist present. It considers this legacy of the Eastern European socialist regimes by interrogating the suffocating, tyrannical and enclosing structures that are presented in film. By tracing such paradigmatic models as horizontal and vertical enclosure, this book aims to show how enclosed spatial structuring restages the post-socialist era to produce an implicit and collective form of remembrance. While closely scrutinizing the interplay of location and image, Space in Romanian and Hungarian Cinema offers a new approach to the cinema of the region, which unites the filmic productions under a defined, post-socialist Eastern European spatial umbrella. By simultaneously portraying the gloom of a socialist past, while also conveying a sense of longing for a pre-capitalist era, these films convey how sense of unity and also ambivalence is a defining hallmark of Eastern European cinema.
Includes contributions on electromagnetic fields in electrical engineering which intends at joining theory and practice. This book helps the world-wide electromagnetic community, both academic and engineering, in understanding electromagnetism itself and its application to technical problems.
Die Anwendung des Europarechts bei Schiedsverfahren auf der Grundlage von intra-EU und extra-EU Investitionsschutzverträgen (BITs) führt zu erheblichen Konflikten. Spätestens seit der Vorlagefrage des Bundesgerichtshofs an den Europäischen Gerichtshof im Achmea-Fall beschäftigen die Zulässigkeit von privaten Schiedsgerichten bei Streitigkeiten zwischen Investoren aus EU-Mitgliedsstaaten mit anderen EU-Mitgliedsstaaten erneut sowohl die Praxis als auch die Wissenschaft. Das Werk untersucht die verschiedenen Szenarien, in denen EU-Mitgliedsstaaten an Investitionsschutzverfahren beteiligt seien können und demonstriert unterschiedliche Lösungsansätze. Der Autor plädiert, entgegen der bisherigen Ansicht einiger Schiedsgerichte, für eine Unzulässigkeit der Schiedsverfahren in speziellen Verfahrenskonstellationen. In anderen Konstellationen schlägt der Autor die Übertragung des Bosphorus-Urteils des EGMR auf investitionsschutzrechtliche Sachverhalte vor, um sachgerechte Lösungen zu erzielen.
Our world became engineered, remaining, nevertheless, human. Through the philosophy of engineering, both Engineering and Philosophy are profoundly involved in the transcendental curve of the debates on the future of humankind in the Era of the Artifacts, brought by the emergent technologies of robotics, genetic engineering and nanotechnology. In the Era-Just-Before-Singularity, while engineering is improved by philosophy (as Peter Simons has demonstrated), the “respected system of perplexities we call philosophy” (Jorge Luis Borges) are encouraged by engineering. This book is an anthology of papers presented during PHEADE 2009 (Philosophy of Engineering and Artifact in the Digital Era—www.goldenideashome.com/pheade2009/)—an exploratory workshop organized in the mythical county of Bucovina (in the northern Romania). Registered by The Reasoner as one of the first East European meetings of Philosophers and Engineers of the third millennium, the event was organized by the Romanian Society for Philosophy, Engineering and Technoethics, in an original attempt to redefine the engineered future of the humankind.
This monograph is concerned with the basic results on Cauchy problems associated with nonlinear monotone operators in Banach spaces with applications to partial differential equations of evolutive type. It focuses on major results in recent decades.
One of the greatest challenges during the process of European Union enlargement towards the east is how the issue of the Roma or Gypsies is tackled. This enormous social and political problem cannot be solved without proper historical studies like this book. Achim presents and interprets the long history of the Gypsies, including slavery, the process of integration and assimilation into the majority population, as well as the historical roots of the marginalization of the Gypsies. The deportation of Gypsies to Transnistria during the Antonescu regime, between 1942 and 1944, is reconstructed in a separate chapter. The closing chapters elaborate on the policy toward the Gypsies in the decades after the Second World War, and its bearing on the situation of the Roma population in today's Romania.